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Labour Court Procedures in Spain

International employers and employees in Spain often hire our Lexidy experts when the threat of labour court looms large.

Going it on your own in court if you are not fluent in Spanish and legalese is a recipe for disaster.

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Where Lexidy delivers the difference

Working with our multilingual Lexidy labour law experts will help you to fully understand the process, and to effectively communicate your case if needed. People often find the Spanish legal system complex and challenging to navigate. Having an experienced lawyer from the Spanish legal system offers the peace of mind that your representation throughout the proceedings knows what is expected and possible at all times. This increases your chances of a favourable outcome.

What is the Labour Court in Spain?

In Spain, the Labor Court (Juzgado de lo Social) is responsible for resolving conflicts related to employment contracts, work conditions, and disputes between employers and employees. The Labor Court system consists of multiple levels of courts, starting from the first instance courts to higher courts, including the Superior Court of Justice and the Supreme Court.

It is important to note that the Labor Court proceedings in Spain can be time-consuming and costly, and it is always advised to seek legal advice and representation if you find yourself in this situation. 

Additionally, there are certain deadlines and requirements that must be met when filing a claim, and failure to comply with these can result in dismissal of the case.

The Labor Court proceedings in Spain generally begin with the submission of a claim by the plaintiff, which could be either the employee or the employer. The claim should include the details of the dispute, evidence, and the compensation amount sought. 


The defendant, or opposing party, is then given an opportunity to respond to the claim.


Once the claim and the response are received, the Labor Court will schedule a hearing. During the hearing, both parties will present their arguments and evidence. The judge may also question the parties and witnesses to clarify the facts of the case.


After the hearing, the Labor Court will issue a verdict, which can range in judgement from employee reinstatement to compensation for damages, or even the specific performance of an employment contract. 


Often, we help the plaintiffs and defendants reach a settlement agreement on their own before or during the proceedings, which can then be approved by the Labor Court.

Our labour court specialists can assist you with all the needed services prior to, during, and after a labour court proceeding in Spain. 

These services include handling lawsuits for disciplinary dismissal, objective dismissal, verbal dismissal, holidays, professional classification and pay differences and challenging sanctions. 

Our most requested Labour Court Services are:

  • Wage claims
      • We defend your interests in case of non-payment of wages before the labour courts
  • Quantity claims
    • We assist employers or employees to claim the amount owed from a period of legally-established time. 
  • Lawsuits for reduction of working hours
    • If you wish to reduce your working hours for personal or family reasons, Lexidy will manage the entire labour procedure in the event of a conflict with the company


Labour court proceedings can be time-consuming and stressful, especially for those who are already dealing with the challenges of living and working in a foreign country. 

Hiring a lawyer can help alleviate some of this stress by handling the legal aspects of the case, allowing you to get back to your life in peace.

Working with our team of Lexidy legal experts during your labour court proceedings in Spain will support you with the guidance and representation you need to navigate the legal system effectively and achieve a positive outcome. Fill in the below form with the information of your circumstances, and the team will reach out in a day or two.

What Our Clients Are Saying

Lexidy Legal Tech
Based on 457 reviews
Akif Can Taşkent
Akif Can Taşkent
15:21 16 Oct 23
Myself and my wife wanted to apply for Spain's digital nomad visa from our home country of Turkey and we decided to get help from a local law firm and chose Lexidy. Unfortunately for us, the process did not go as we planned and we regret paying €3000 to Lexidy.- Ever since the beginning, we felt that Lexidy was not familiar with the overall process of digital nomad visa application from Turkey - we believe that accepting our case was a mistake for them.- Lexidy was not aware of the fact that the NIE application had to be done beforehand (we provided this information to Lexidy) and this caused us a 6-week delay in the application process- We could not communicate with the embassy properly and neither could Lexidy- Lexidy filled the NIE forms incorrectly (the embassy wanted our Turkish address and Lexidy recommended to type the city where we wanted to reside in in Spain) - on top of this, they told us that applying for NIE was normally a separate service for which they would normally charge €400 per person. A service that they didn't know was a requirement :)- Lexidy insisted that the translations needed to be done in Spain, and we found out at the application center that most of the documents did not even need to be translated- Lexidy was not aware that an apostilled criminal records certificate from Germany would be necessary (I lived in Germany for 6 months in the past 5 years) - we found out about this at the application centre.- Lexidy did not inform us that we needed to have private health insurance in Spain in order to apply from Turkey - the declaration stating that we would apply for social security in Spain was not sufficient (Lexidy told us that it would be sufficient). Because we didn't have the apostilled criminal records certificate and health insurance, the application centre did not accept our application.We discussed these shortcomings on Lexidy's part and asked for a full refund, but Lexidy only refunded €1000. We ended up doing the research, figuring out the process, and paying €2000 for some emails that didn't really help in our process. I do not recommend their services.
Greg Curie-DuPont
Greg Curie-DuPont
16:28 09 Jan 23
we've been dealing with Lexidy for few years now and happy to endorse them for their efficiency in handling and sorting any issue that may have arised. in particular, Isabel Sanchez who assisted us in sorting a rather difficult issue related to social security. Many thanks Isabel!!!
Rick Kleinhans
Rick Kleinhans
13:03 27 Apr 22
Lexidy has been a lifesaver. The entire team has helped us so much on different matters both personal and corporate. Isabel in correcting an error by a previous accountant that was costing us an extra €1000 every month in social security payments! Jose with various matters and tax advice. Diego in helping us get documents notarized in Valencia even though he is based in Madrid. I cannot recommend them enough!

Find your Labour Lawyer

Isabel Sánchez

Isabel Sánchez

Payroll Specialist
Andrea Rubio

Andrea Rubio

Payroll Specialist
Sara Rinaldi from Lexidy

Sara Rinaldi

Tax Advisor
Emma Cervera Moyano

Emma Cervera Moyano

Labour Specialist
Sara Fraile

Sara Fraile


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