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Become a Spanish National

Get Spanish nationality through residence or through ancestry.

There are several ways to obtain Spanish Citizenship. Our immigration lawyers will guide you through the process step-by-step.

How can a lawyer help with the Spanish nationality?

We can communicate with the Ministry of Justice directly, if necessary, to ask questions that may occur during the process.

Each specific case will require different documents and we will let you know which ones you need.

We help with the digital submission on your behalf and follow-up on the status of the application process.

Knowledge of the practice of the Spanish Administration and the requirements that are usually demanded beyond those provided by law.

We deliver full assistance in English, French or Italian.

¨We will be with you each step of the journey.¨

 

What is Spanish citizenship?

Citizenship is the legal bond that unites the person with the state that confers both fundamental rights and individual legal status. This relationship gives individuals certain rights that they are entitled to from the state as well as being obliged to fulfil specific requirements and duties requested by the state.

How to obtain Spanish citizenship in Spain?

Once you have obtained all the necessary documentation, you can apply online through a digital certificate or in person, with legal assistance, at the Civil Registry. 

Your application can take up to a year and, if you receive a favourable outcome, you have six months to take an oath with the Civil Registry. You must make an appointment for this step.

Afterwards, you’ll be given a document which needs to be taken to a local police station and then you can apply for a Spanish passport and National Identity Card.

Process of getting Citizenship Through Residence

1. Test and exams

As a first step you must study for and pass some mandatory tests. These courses offered by the Cervantes Institute can be taken in Spain or in the Cervantes Institutes abroad

  • DELE (language): for non-Iberoamerican nationals
  • CCSE (culture)

2. Wait for test results

Your results will be communicated about 20 days after the test is performed.

3. Gathering of documentation

It takes between two weeks to two months to get the necessary paperwork.

4. Submission of the application

It takes just a day to file online. For presential appointments you will need to schedule an appointment.

5. Resolution of the application for citizenship

It can take between a year and two and a half years to your citizenship to be approved.

6. Oath of the nationality before the Civil Registry

This step can take from two to ten months to be finalised.

7. Spanish passport and DNI application

It takes around two weeks to get an appointment with a police station to complete this step.

Requirements for Spanish Citizenship

Spanish Citizenship through Residence

This approach to nationality typically requires a person to reside in Spain for ten years. There are cases where the period can be reduced to one, two or five years.

Spanish citizenship by marriage

The applicant must have been married to a Spaniard for at least a year.

Spanish citizenship by birth

You must have been born to a Spanish father or mother and it can be requested at the Spanish Consulate or Embassy abroad.

Spanish Citizenship by Option

For those whose father or mother was originally a Spanish citizen born in Spain, they can choose this path and it can be requested from the Spanish Consulate or Embassy abroad.

Frequently Asked Questions

To apply for Spanish nationality by residence you must pass the culture exam (CCSE) and the language exam (DELE). Nationals of Latin American countries are exempt from the language exam.

You can apply for Spanish nationality after one year of legal residence in Spain if your grandparents were Spaniards.

If you become a Spanish citizen, you must release your original nationality and passport, unless you qualify for an exemption or are a citizen of one of the following countries: Chile; Peru; Paraguay; Nicaragua; Guatemala; Bolivia; Ecuador; Costa Rica; Honduras; Dominican Republic; Argentina; Colombia; Equatorial Guinea; Philippines; Andorra; Portugal; Brazil; Cuba; Mexico; Panama; Puerto Rico; El Salvador; Uruguay; Venezuela and France.

You must obtain a certificate showing your Sephardic ancestry.

Since 2019, it is no longer possible to apply for Spanish nationality by Sephardic descent. However, you will be able to obtain the nationality after having resided legally in Spain for only two years.

Mexican citizens may apply for Spanish nationality after only two years of legal residence in Spain.

Currently, the Ministry is taking between two and three years to resolve Spanish citizenship applications.

OUR WORK

We are a department formed by qualified legal experts who have been trained in the field of immigration law. We work on these requests every day and it’s our passion. For us, Lexidy is a way of life and what excites us the most is to be able to deliver the happiness and satisfaction of a successful immigration process. We want to help you achieve your goals and dreams.

Laura Fusté

Head of Immigration Department

David Planes

Lawyer
Julia

Cristina Negro Vizoso

Lawyer
Mónica López

Mónica Isern López

Associate - Lawyer Immigration Department

Maximiliano Agazzi Paulet

Lawyer
Gabriela Baly

Gabriela Baly

Lawyer
Lexidy Legal Tech
4.9
Based on 437 reviews
Symon Blomfield
Symon Blomfield
10:18 26 Aug 22
Lexidy Law - sucessful Non Lucrative Visa assistanceI employed Lexidy Law to assist with applying for my Non-Lucrative Visa, now granted. I also used them to check my property rental contract.Cristina Vizoso was my legal contact and was highly responsive and reassuring.In the future, I will certainly be using Lexidy to assist with my TIE and to apply for an autonomous Visa. I highly recommend them for all your immigration to Spain needs
Rick Estrada-Stone
Rick Estrada-Stone
15:05 16 Jul 22
We are working with Lexidy for our immigration and real estate needs. Our real estate lawyer, Juan Diego Muñoz, has been amazing to work with throughout the entire process. His diligent communication during the real estate purchase has not only kept us informed every step of the way, but helped us to understand the differences and intricacies of purchasing property in Spain. We can't say enough great things about Juan Diego and the team at Lexidy.
Duncan Casemore
Duncan Casemore
08:57 01 Jul 22
My wife, 2 children, and I wanted to move to Spain on a non-lucrative visa to experience something new following a stressful covid period. I had the privilege of working with Max and Gabriela, who were outstanding: Fluent English, nurturing us the whole way from initial sales contact through to landing in Spain, refreshingly responsive (usually within minutes, unlike many legal firms which work in units of days!), deeply knowledgable (added so much more value beyond paperwork), professional, experienced, and couldn't do enough for us. Top marks -- and that's from a customer with high expectations! Thank you for the quality experience and for helping us realise our dreams 🙂
RICHARD BRITTON
RICHARD BRITTON
21:46 29 Jun 22
We contacted Lexidy Law boutique when we recently moved from Cyprus to open a new chapter in our lives to move into a house in Brittany that we had bought 12 years previously. We had underestimated the twists and turns involved in obtaining residency in France - so we contacted Lexidy Law Boutique and were assigned Eleonore, an immigration lawyer well acquainted with French immigration laws. From the very beginning we realised she was determined that we should have a successful outcome and she guided us expertly to avoid all the pitfalls in the process of applying for residency. She even accompanied us to the prefecture and ensured that everything went smoothly - without her presence we might well have not succeeded.We thank and highly recommend Eleonore and Lexidy Law Boutique.
Ornela Xhelili
Ornela Xhelili
16:43 14 Jun 22
Extremely helpful and professional law firm. My lawyer, David Pilar Planes, managed my immigration process that involved the conversion of an EU Permit from another member country into a Spanish residence permit, in a smooth, reliable and dedicated way. Highly recommended for anyone in need of immigration assistance in Spain.
Leah Tarran
Leah Tarran
09:20 02 Dec 21
Amazing experience! Mónica Isern López for immigration and residency, her communication was excellent, she responded to every email in a timely manner, spoke to me on the phone whenever I requested, and provided extremely clear instructions. I was very impressed that if Monica was out of office, someone else would respond that had knowledge of my specific situation.The information she provided was always accurate and she followed through with every document and appointment laid out in the contract. If I had a question, she found the answer and provided supporting documentation. Even though it was a long process due to the pandemic, I felt confident with her help and received a favorable resolution without any issues.
Emilie Naples
Emilie Naples
19:10 20 Sep 21
This is the ONLY law firm I recommend to handle whatever immigration needs you may have. They not only give free consultations, but respond to literally every single one of your questions. They were the most informative, responsive, polite, and professional lawyers I have ever been in contact with, and provided peace of mind throughout the entire process I need handled. I highly recommend Cristina who is splendid at her job for all of these reasons. This firm is 100% dependable, reliable, and truly interested in helping. Thank you Lexidy Law!!
Matt Pavlovich
Matt Pavlovich
11:18 15 Sep 21
A great group of very knowledgable lawyers. They've been very helpful in matters of immigration, international taxation, and real estate. Very highly recommended!
Don Ellis
Don Ellis
15:16 08 Sep 21
Great full service firm that provided our family professional legal services surrounding our move to Spain. Included assistance with both Visa application and real estate purchase. Highly recommend
Claire Taylor
Claire Taylor
11:59 03 Sep 21
I would highly recommend their services. Laura in the immigration dept is super efficient and easy to deal with. The rest of the team were great too. A job well done!
Benjamin Colchester
Benjamin Colchester
16:43 01 Sep 21
We have been working with Lexidy Law Boutique since 2019 on matters ranging from accountancy to immigration and are absolutely delighted with all aspects of the service they provide. Highly professional, supremely knowledgable, diligent, efficient and courteous, we would not hesitate to recommend them.
gary wicker
gary wicker
18:59 25 Jul 21
Laura at Lexidy Law Boutique has been with us all the way, nothing was too much trouble in obtaining our immigration Visa. We could not have done this without her. Thanks again for all your hard work. Gary and Sue
Marjan Petkovski
Marjan Petkovski
14:06 16 Jul 21
I would like to highly recommend Lexidy Law Boutique to all those in need of immigration consulting and assistance.Figuring out the legal basis, requirements and rights and/or limitations coming out from a particular type of residence permit is definitively a non trivial thing to do.Things will for sure be more complicated if you need to consider your closest family members.And adding the language barrier (as we are not really fluent with the Spanish language) certainly makes things even more difficult.Thanks to Lexidy and Monica, during all of those complexities, we felt secure and we were sure that we have top professionals on our side.What sticks out as amazing to me, and at the sime time is I think instructive as what a professional behavior can be defined like, is how Monica:a. interpreted and explained all legal complexities in a way to make it understandable for usb. helped to practically go through the complicated residence application preparation with unbelievable accuracy - not one single document had to be edited/corrected and/or printed out for a second timec. answered hundred (literally, or more) of emails, with average delay of merely 1-2 hoursd. coordinated third parties on our behalf (services from official translators, embassy appointments etc.)At all times, no surprises, no new plans, just one steady, easily predictable and stress free process.No doubt - top service!Thank you Monica!!
Dan Briere
Dan Briere
11:40 14 Jul 21
Alejandro was personal, attentive, and responsive while assisting me in obtaining my NIE in Spain. Overall - the process took less than two working days - weeks shorter than I was quoted by other firms. Alejandro has also been helpful in introducing me to others from the Lexidy office who have assisted in answers related to immigration and taxes. I will recommend Lexidy to others and look forward to working more with them moving forward.
Toby Lason
Toby Lason
13:29 21 Jun 21
We recently worked with Lexidy Law to gain non lucrative visas for Spain. The guidance and support received was exceptional. We worked with Paralegal David Planes Vilar who answered all our questions and advised us on all documentation needed. He was fantastic to work with! He has also kindly offered to support any questions we have on the final steps of the Visa once we arrive in Madrid.We also reached out to Lexidy's tax department for guidance on tax planning for our year abroad. Jose García, head of the tax department, was very helpful and answered all our initial questions. We would highly recommend any of their services as we've received excellent support! Thank you Lexidy for all your help during this big move!
Laura and her staff were very professional during the entire process of changing our visas and applying for our new baby’s visa. One thing I really appreciated was Laura’s quick reply with every question or concern we had and her making sure we had all the info we needed in a timely fashion. It was not easy doing this process during Covid but in the end it was successful. We will be working with her in the future for any immigration help we might need. Thank you to Laura & her staff.
tarek salame
tarek salame
10:06 16 Jun 21
We hired them for our move to Spain, and have been with them over the course of 2 years. They are very responsive, and professional. They update you along the way. The only glaring issue would be the time and procedure , but the rest is top notch and professional.
Harsha Dharmana
Harsha Dharmana
05:17 16 Jun 21
I recently used the services of Lexidy Law Boutique for applying for the Spanish Non-Lucrative Visa. I cannot speak highly enough about Laura and her team at Lexidy.They are the most professional Legal company I have ever worked with and their highly professional and timely assistance was invaluable to me and my family, during a complicated relocation process.Thanks for again for all your help!
Alessio Piussi
Alessio Piussi
10:09 08 Jun 21
Lexidy supported me in sorting out the bureaucratic process for NIE and Social Security Number, while moving to Spain. The Team is very well prepared, friendly and absolutely customer dedicated. They are fast, promptly responsive and very effective. I can definitely recommend them for support in immigration topics
Robert Webber
Robert Webber
12:32 31 May 21
One of, if not, the best firms in Spain. Look no further these are your guys. Everything from immigration to Real Estate to Wills. We have never been let down. Highly recommended!
Claire Claire
Claire Claire
16:16 27 May 21
Incredible service. Laura was so helpful and professional from start to finish. My case was difficult as I was dealing with the Malaga immigration office, who are notoriously complicated and in truth were obstructive. However, Laura never faltered and kept going to push my case over the line. I have no hesitation in recommending this incredible, professional service.
Cody King
Cody King
13:46 17 May 21
We hired them for our move to Spain from the US because they were the most flexible, and affordable option (plus they have a 4.9 rating with close to 200 reviews)... and now we know why!During the entire process, our lawyer, Max was very helpful and responsive, and flexible. Emails are answered same day or next at the latest, and if I needed to call him for something urgent he made time. Very great working with Max, and the Lexidy Law firm.Great experience and would definitely recommend for anyone looking for help with attaining Spanish residency.Cheers, and thanks again Max! Looking forward to finally being in Spain!
Hamish Nicol
Hamish Nicol
11:46 17 May 21
I used Lexidy to assist with obtaining a residency visa in Spain. From the start they were extremely helpful and professional. They could not have made it easier for me and it really took the stress out of the process. Even with the hurdles of the current COVID-19 pandemic, and having to travel across various parts of the world, Mònica and the staff at Lexidy were always there when I needed anything and to reassure me that there would be no problems along the way. Every appointment I had to go to, all the documents were prepared in advance an the instructions were clear. I could not recommend them highly enough if you need assistance with any immigration issues in Spain. If I ever need any legal assistance in future, I would only use Lexidy!
Cynthia McCague
Cynthia McCague
13:17 13 May 21
The team at Lexidy has been terrific as they helped me apply for a long term Visa in Spain. David Planes Vilar was my primary support and incredibly responsive. They have a very good system for providing the help I needed for a complicated process. Highly recommend for immigration matters.
Tatiana Quadros
Tatiana Quadros
15:52 12 May 21
I highly recommend Lexidy. They have been extremely professional from start to finish; their attention to detail is extraordinary and this means that applications and processes run smoothly without surprises. Cristina, Diego and all the team are very prompt to help, clarify, advise. Professionally helped me with all my enquiries and efficiently helped me in my immigration process. I will go to them for any legal matter now, I have every confidence in their service. A very happy customer.
sushant D
sushant D
13:30 12 May 21
It is a very good law firm because they have helped me with my queries. I got really good feedback. Especially Maximiliano is a very professional and smart lawyer, I like his clear explanation and speed of working. Very good immigration lawyer. Thank you so much MAX and wish you good luck!! I will be back with my next issues 🙂
Sam Dale
Sam Dale
11:16 29 Jan 21
Lexidy have been a godsend. As a British freelancer in Spain, I felt uncertain about the wealth of complicated paperwork, especially as my Spanish still needs improvement. Lexidy have been helpful with setting up my status as a freelance, organising my tax information, as well as guiding me on immigration issues due to Brexit. The team has been brilliant, if I ever have an issue or need know something, they will be patient and responsive (very quick) with accurate and useful information. For the services and professionalism they offer, it is very well valued. I plan on using Lexidy for all my legal needs. Highly recommended.
Dan Centinello
Dan Centinello
14:26 19 Nov 20
Let me start by saying that I normally do not write reviews - and I am often skeptical of the authenticity of the ones that are left. However, I feel like this law team has earned it and here's why...I am the type of person who will do endless research & contact several people before making a decision. I did the same when looking for a Spanish law firm that would be able to quickly handle my immigration matters and, most recently, help me with my leasing agreement for my apartment.They are extremely responsive (replying within a couple of hours of my messages) and even after office hours.Maximiliano, in particular, has been exceptional. He put a lot of effort to understand all the details of my situation so he can find the best solution.It was quickly evident that he understands that not all people have the same immigration situation and was going to tailor a solution specific to me.What impressed me most though was how he was thoughtful enough to make sure that his immigration solution did not impact my tax or business situation adversely. His focus on the big picture, while not missing the important small details is one of the main reasons why I felt compelled to write a review.Lastly, Max even made himself available during the time I was crossing the border, just in case I had any issues.With all this being said, I have worked with many lawyers in the past - many simply look for "a solution", but the great lawyers look for the "best solution". Everyone I have interacted with thus far at Lexidy seems to understand the latter. I feel very fortunate to have come across them in my research.I know how stressful it can be, especially when dealing with immigration issues. So, I hope this helps others out there that might be in the same situation I was in.
Reg Reg
Reg Reg
12:19 14 Nov 20
From the first day I contacted Lexidy Barcelona ,They have been very extraordinary helpful . Especially Max and the team who was dealing with my case .Max was available all the time even in hard times covid to assist with my queries effeciently ,effectively plus guidelines that resulted to a very positive results on my immigration status. Awesome !The team is overwhelmingly wonderful and they are good at their job . If you have any legal or immigration problems , I advise to look no where ,just contact Lexidy : Stress free legal problems solving company and believe me you will smile in the end !Thank very much Max and the the team of Lexidy Barcelona for making it super easy for me.Will always choose you !
Daniel Zuckerman
Daniel Zuckerman
15:04 10 Nov 20
I couldn’t be happier with my experience with Lexidy and their excellent attorneys. After months of trying unsuccessfully to navigate the maze of Spanish bureaucracy, I finally got the help I needed. Max Agazzi Paulet and his team were extremely professional and knowledgeable and were able to quickly give me the information I needed to successfully move forward with my application. Without hesitation, I would recommend Lexidy to anyone dealing with Spanish immigration law and/or real estate issues.
Seung-Hee Han
Seung-Hee Han
10:03 30 Oct 20
Lexidy has been helping both of us with everything that requires to settle in our dream-life in Spain. Each advocate at Lexidy is extremely professional and excellent at their job. We can't recommend them enough! If any of our friends and families abroad moves to Spain, we will take them to Lexidy. Thank you so much for your supreme service!
Khoa Le
Khoa Le
11:07 28 Aug 20
Lexidy made my relocation from Vietnam to Ibiza, Spain smooth and easy!With proper guidelines provided I was able to get long-term visas for me and my family (my wife, my kid and my newborn). I am very happy and grateful to have them as my legal service. The clear communication and readiness from Max and David are very helpful to foreigners with no knowledge in Spanish like me. I can't say enough thanks for this amazing experience. Thumbs up!
Phia van der Meulen
Phia van der Meulen
12:42 03 Aug 20
We highly recommend Lexidy Law Boutique for all your immigration needs. We recently moved from Johannesburg South Africa to Barcelona Spain and Maximiliano assisted us in obtaining our residency permits. The team is always willing to help.
HSC Duncan
HSC Duncan
15:12 23 Jun 20
Lexidy helped me at a vital part of the process of applying for Spanish citizenship, and I am not sure I would have been able to proceed without their help. My point of contact was Laura Fusté who manged to sort out the problems I had in a timely manner.
Amir Ansari
Amir Ansari
09:06 12 Jun 20
Their free consultation is great and they are updated with the latest immigration rules, so you will know all the options you have. Responsive English speaking lawyers in Barcelona. In my case, Maximiliano answered my questions with great attention and clarified all my doubts.
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