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Darse de alta como autónomo en España

¿Cómo convertirse en autónomo?

En España, los autónomos se conocen como «Autónomos» y son esencialmente autónomos. Todos los autónomos deben darse de alta como autónomos y pagar impuestos.

La respuesta a la pregunta “¿Tengo que darme de alta como autónomo?” suele ser «Sí» si está ganando dinero en España y no está empleado ni realiza negocios a través de una empresa.

Todos los autónomos en España deben seguir los siguientes pasos:

  1. Darse de alta en la Agenzia delle Entrate “AEAT” cumplimentando un “Modelo 036” en el apartado correspondiente al impuesto sobre actividades económicas “IAE” a desarrollar.
  2. Cumplimentar el “Modelo 030”, para darse de alta como contribuyente residente.
  3. Afiliarse al sistema de seguridad social español.
Lexidy es una firma de abogados moderna, dinámica e innovadora. Siempre ponemos a los clientes en el centro de nuestro trabajo y hacemos todo lo posible para brindar una experiencia excepcional. Nuestra experiencia en España y Portugal nos permite resolver problemas complejos a fondo y reducir todos los riesgos antes de que sucedan.
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Puntuación media superior a 300 reseñas

¿Qué son los requerimientos?

A diferencia de las empresas, los autónomos no están obligados a crear un plan de negocios, tener capital inicial o mostrar calificaciones profesionales. Para afiliarte al sistema de seguridad social de autónomos ya debes estar dado de alta en el sistema de seguridad social. También debe registrarse ante la autoridad fiscal como contribuyente residente completando el «Modelo 30».

Para determinadas actividades, como la apertura al público de un local, el municipio exige una licencia de apertura. Esta licencia de actividad se otorga al titular y debe ser renovada cada vez que se produzca un cambio de actividad en el local.

Al darte de alta como Autónomo quedarás incluido en el «RETA». Es el programa que regula la cotización a la Seguridad Social de los trabajadores autónomos en España.

Contabilidad para Autónomo

Cosas importantes para recordar

  • Mantener y emitir facturas como consecuencia de su actividad.
  • Registrar todos los gastos relacionados con su actividad.
  • Contabilice todas las inversiones en bienes relacionados con la actividad. Estos no deben ser más de 300 € en un año fiscal.

Las facturas deben incluir:

  • Número de factura
  • Fecha de emisión.
  • Tu nombre, NIE y dirección.
  • Titular de los datos de la factura.
  • Descripción de bienes y servicios.
  • Base imponible.
  • Tipo IVA (VAT) dependiendo del servicio/producto 4%, 10% o 21%.
  • Importe del IVA.
  • Retención del IRPF al titular de la factura, en su caso.

Declaración trimestral de IVA

Los autónomos deben cobrar el IVA y declararlo trimestralmente a la AEAT mediante la presentación de un “modelo 303”. Esto ocurre en enero, abril, julio y octubre.

Hay algunas excepciones, como facturas solo para negocios en el extranjero. Debes pagar el IVA trimestral que has recaudado de tus ingresos dentro de los 20 días siguientes al final del mes.

Recuperar cargos de IVA

El autónomo debe llevar un registro de:

  • Facturas recibidas
  • Gastos relacionados con su actividad

Es importante tener en cuenta que no puede reclamar nada sin una factura adecuada.

Declaraciones trimestrales de IRPF y el “modelo 130/131”

Cuando te das de alta como autónomo y facturas a otro profesional autónomo español o a otra empresa por sus servicios, debes retener un porcentaje del valor de la factura. Se abona a la Agencia Tributaria como anticipo del Impuesto sobre la Renta por cuenta del Autónomo. Esto puede evitarse si más del 70% de los ingresos están sujetos a deducciones.

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Ser feliz. Únete a una comunidad de clientes satisfechos y exitosos

Bella F.
Bella F.
19:09 11 Jan 23
I'm so over this crowd. Paid a huge deposit 2 YEARS AGO just to be passed from pillar to post. I'm now on lawyer number 5 - all the others left the company - go figure. I'm moving on to a different firm and will be requesting a refund. Don't waste your time and money like I did. I agree with other reviews that the positives are probably sponsored
Ryan Rich
Ryan Rich
12:47 17 Aug 22
Lexidy has helped us so much in both the business and immigration side. We continue to use them for all legal needs and recommend them highly.
Ali Delshad
Ali Delshad
11:49 26 Jul 22
First of all, I would like to appreciate all the team members of Lexidy for helping me to get my residency card.I had a great experience especially on the SEF appointment day with their kind and helpful Brazilian expert which made my experience smooth and without stress.When you decide to work with this law company you should notice that you don’t just pay for lawyers but also for the quality, respect and safety.I’m totally happy with the processes and quality of their job.
Foysal Miah
Foysal Miah
20:47 25 Jul 22
It’s been more than two years now, I have known Lexidy and their amazing team. This company peoples are so active and helpful especially Karla. She is very kind and patience. Really appreciate your job and helping us to get a better future.
RICHARD BRITTON
RICHARD BRITTON
21:46 29 Jun 22
We contacted Lexidy Law boutique when we recently moved from Cyprus to open a new chapter in our lives to move into a house in Brittany that we had bought 12 years previously. We had underestimated the twists and turns involved in obtaining residency in France - so we contacted Lexidy Law Boutique and were assigned Eleonore, an immigration lawyer well acquainted with French immigration laws. From the very beginning we realised she was determined that we should have a successful outcome and she guided us expertly to avoid all the pitfalls in the process of applying for residency. She even accompanied us to the prefecture and ensured that everything went smoothly - without her presence we might well have not succeeded.We thank and highly recommend Eleonore and Lexidy Law Boutique.
Declan Ryan
Declan Ryan
20:48 01 Jun 22
The Lexidy team is uniquely positioned to provide pan-European business and tax advisory services; what would be complex or impossible for a country-specific advisor is straightforward for Lexidy. They answered in days what would take weeks for other firms.
Rick Kleinhans
Rick Kleinhans
13:03 27 Apr 22
Lexidy has been a lifesaver. The entire team has helped us so much on different matters both personal and corporate. Isabel in correcting an error by a previous accountant that was costing us an extra €1000 every month in social security payments! Jose with various matters and tax advice. Diego in helping us get documents notarized in Valencia even though he is based in Madrid. I cannot recommend them enough!
Aleksandar Vorinski
Aleksandar Vorinski
08:12 25 Apr 22
I recently purchased apartment, got NIE and opened bank account with their help. I m satisfied with their service, they are accurate and responsible.
A
A
17:31 24 Apr 22
I’ve dealt with hundreds of solicitors through business over the years but I must say Cristina and Lexidy Law are really something special. Responsiveness, proactiveness, knowledge and professionalism is, quite frankly, outstanding.M.
Sarah Taylor
Sarah Taylor
11:03 31 Mar 22
Lexidy did an amazing job setting up our company in Spain, which was a complicated and lengthy affair which they handled with patience and professionalism. Their ongoing tax, accounting and payroll services have been greatly appreciated. Friendly and professional team with perfect English. Highly recommended!
Jonas Hendrickx
Jonas Hendrickx
15:50 03 Dec 21
The labour law advice I was looking for. Delivered the answer quoting the law texts in Spanish as requested to make sure I was actually getting the correct answer for my question!These people are worth your money.
Kristen Wilkinson
Kristen Wilkinson
14:53 20 Oct 21
Update: While all of the initial responses were pretty quick, they started getting busy, so I had to constantly follow up. We have since sought assistance elsewhere.My husband and I plan to move from the USA to Porto, Portugal in the spring/early summer of 2023. We didn't know where to start or what to expect. I searched online and found Lexidy Law Boutique. Their website is intuitive, informative and inviting. I emailed the office and Lidiane responded within a few hours. Based on the information in my email, she emailed us appropriate information on our situation. She was very professional and offered to set up a web call if we wanted to. We ended up having our web call today and will be starting our journey of becoming Portuguese citizens. She informed us of the first steps, all of the documentation we need and what the law firm can do for us. Right after our call, she emailed us detailed information regarding pricing and what is entailed in that pricing. So far, the beginning of our journey is a positive one.
Parisa Fardad
Parisa Fardad
05:20 21 Sep 21
I have started to work with this company which was my friend recommendation. My first experiences have been very good. They are responsive, friendly and cares about their costumers.
Thijs van de Laak
Thijs van de Laak
05:16 15 Sep 21
I experienced good, constructive and accurate service by Lexidy in composing my SHA. Thanks Hector and Samual
陳震東
陳震東
07:43 08 Sep 21
Samuel is very professional and patient. Really appreciate.
Erik van der Linden
Erik van der Linden
00:01 08 Sep 21
I contacted this company regarding a Labour dispute with a former employer. I quickly got an honest response that according to Spanish Labour laws, nothing could really be done anymore. Impressed with their swift, direct and honest opinion, I explained this was a very unusual case and would like to hire their services. Again I got a swift and direct answer that they did not deal with those kind of cases. Rather than milking a client, they showed admirable integrity by turning down the case…. a rare quality these days. My compliments.
Signore Raffaele
Signore Raffaele
12:53 07 Sep 21
The service I have received from Hector has been extraordinary.He has helped me opening bank accounts, managing my NIE and setting up my company's branch in Spain.I am very grateful for the help and the exceptional treatment and management.I won't hesitate to contact him again for any other business I may need.
ZULFU S.R.O
ZULFU S.R.O
16:40 04 Sep 21
We used Lexidy to help establish our company in Spain. The whole team and especially Samuel, were very helpful and professional. Their customer service is excellent. Prices are reasonable. Highly recommend.
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